Common questions asked about Dry Ice, Dry Ice Production & Dry Ice Blasting
If you cannot find the answer to your question on our website, please feel free to contact us at [email protected] or phone 09 262 3235.
Q: What is dry ice?
Q: What is dry ice blasting?
Q: How do I store dry ice?
Q: Why would I use dry ice instead of a traditional blast media?
Q: How does the process work?
Q: What happens to the contaminate?
Q: Do the contaminates or dry ice pellets ricochet?
Q: Will dry ice blasting damage the substrate?
Q: Can you use Cold Jet® dry ice blasting to clean hot tools online?
Q: Does dry ice blasting cool the substrate?
Q: Will the temperature drop damage the hot mold?
Q: Will the process create condensation?
Q: What equipment will I need for my cleaning application?
Q: How much air will I need?
Q: Where can I find dry ice pellets, nuggets and/or block?
Q: How portable are the dry ice blasting machines?
Q: Is it safe to use dry ice blasting outside?
Q: How much dry ice should I expect to use?
Q: Will I need an after-cooler?
Q: How much maintenance is required to maintain my system?
Q: Is it okay to blast in an enclosed area?
Q: What are the primary safety issues when dry ice blasting?
Q: How loud is the system?
Q: What is the difference between a single-hose system and a dual-hose system?
Q: How do I know if I want pellets or shaved block particle blasting systems?
A: Dry Ice is the solid form of Carbon Dioxide (CO²). CO² is a colourless, tasteless, odourless gas found naturally in our atmosphere.
A: Dry ice blasting is similar to sand blasting, bead blasting or soda blasting where a media is accelerated in a pressurised air stream (or other inert gas) to impact and clean a surface. Read more about Dry Ice Blasting here (links to how it works page).
A: Dry Ice should be stored in an insulated container. The thicker the insulation, the slower it will sublimate. Depending on the climate and thickness of your container, typical dry ice sublimation is approximately 2% to 10% per day.
A: Most other blast media leave secondary waste behind. Dry ice sublimates (vaporizes) upon impact with the surface. All that remains is the contaminate you are removing. Also, since dry ice vaporizes on impact, the process can be used to clean complicated cavities where typical grit blast media will become trapped.
A: Unlike other blast media, dry ice has a temperature of F -79°C (-109°F). Because of the temperature difference between the dry ice particles and the surface being treated, thermal shock occurs during the process of dry ice blasting. This causes a breakdown of the bond between two dissimilar materials.
A: Contaminates can be dry, wet, hard or soft. Dry contaminates will break up into small chips and can be swept up or vacuumed. If the particles are large enough, they do not become airborne. If the contaminate is wet, such as grease or oils, the Cold Jet stream will move or push the liquid away much like a high pressure water stream would, except that the surface where the contaminate was will be dry and clean. To prevent redeposition, the operator should work in a methodical way, from the top down.
A: Upon impact, dry ice pellets sublimate to a gaseous state and therefore dry ice particles typically do not ricochet. The removed contaminant is usually washed away by the blast jet stream and does not come directly back into the blast gun vicinity; however, safety glasses must be worn at all times during the operation of the machine.
A: The Cold Jet dry ice blasting process will not damage the substrate. The size of the dry ice pellets and their velocity can be optimised to remove the contaminate while being non-abrasive to the substrate. The Cold Jet process can clean delicate chrome or nickel plated tools, soft aluminum or brass alloys, wire insulation, and even circuit boards without causing damage.
A: Yes. In fact, dry ice blasting cleans faster when the substrate is hot.
A: Yes, but not dramatically. The amount of cooling depends on the substrate material, the dwell time of the dry ice blast stream, and the dry ice usage. For example, a 76.2 cm (30 inch) by 76.2 cm (30 inch) rubber mold may have an initial temperature of 162.8°C (325°F). After the tool has been blasted clean (approximately 12 minutes), the temperature of the mold is about 148.9°C (300°F).
A: Generally, no. The temperature change of the surface being cleaned is small and the corresponding tensile stress will be well below the point of what most molds will encounter during normal heat treatment.
A: Condensation occurs when the temperature of the substrate falls below the dew point. The dew point varies with climate and the daily weather patterns. When cleaning hot substrates, condensation will rarely occur because the temperature of the surface will stay above the dew point. If condensation does form, you can control it by using heaters, heat lamps, or blow off devices.
A: The dry ice blast system will come complete with blast and air hose, applicator and nozzle best suited for your application and a training CD to reference and train staff. The only other items needed to operate your Cold Jet Dry Ice blast system are plant air, electric power from a common wall receptacle, and dry ice pellets or block (depending on the system).
A: A typical Cold Jet dry ice blast system operates at 80 psi (5.5 bar) with 150 scfm (4.25 m3/min), however your needs will depend on your application. Low flow nozzles are available, which require only 50 scfm (1.42 m3/min) at 80 psi (5.5 bar).
A: We are able to provide dry ice to meet your requirements. Call us on 09 262 3235 or contact us to order online.
A: One person can easily roll any of the machines around the plant floor without any special equipment.
A: Yes. Dry ice is safe to use in outdoor blasting applications. In fact, many organizations have given Cold Jet® their stamp of approval for the use of dry ice in outdoor blasting applications.
A: The amount of dry ice needed to clean effectively can vary dramatically with each dry ice blast system and cleaning application. The average ice consumption for Cold Jet dry ice blast equipment is approximately 2 1/2 lbs (1.1 kg) per minute.
A: After-cooler may be useful if you are a contract cleaner or restoration contractor using a portable diesel compressor as your air source. An after-cooler provides assurance that the Cold Jet dry ice blaster will not blast any moisture from the diesel compressor being used. This is primarily dependant on humidity levels. Similarly depending on the quanity of your plant air an after cooler may be required, please contact us so we can assess your needs.
A: Very little. Cold Jet dry ice blast systems are designed to provide years of trouble-free use with a minimum amount of maintenance. Each system comes with an operator manual that outlines recommended routine maintenance – periodically checking filters and examining hoses for cracks are two examples.
A: Yes, with proper ventilation. Because CO² is 40% heavier than air, placement of exhaust vents at or near ground level is recommended when blasting in an enclosed area. In an open environment, existing ventilation is sufficient to prevent undue CO² buildup. Even though CO² is non-poisonous, it does displace oxygen in the atmosphere.
A: One safety issue is to protect workers from moving parts. Cold Jet equipment is designed so that workers do not have access to moving parts without shutting down the system.
Another concern is the temperature of the dry ice. At -79°C (109°F), we recommend wearing gloves when coming in contact with the dry ice. Eye and ear protection should be worn at all times.
A: Noise is a function of air volume and air velocity. Within the nozzle, the stationary air is sheared by the high velocity air causing turbulence which creates noise. With appropriate hearing protection an operator can safely operate the system all day.
A: With a dual-hose blast system, the dry ice travels in one hose and the high pressure air in another. They are not mixed until just before they exit the nozzle. Single-hose blast systems mix the high pressure air and the dry ice from the time it leaves the machine. Single-hose systems can at times be the better choice when needing a more aggressive clean.
A: The smaller shaved particles have an advantage when removing most paints or when cleaning equipment with intricate geometries or tiny openings such as microvents or screens. Pellets are more suitable when removing thick contaminants – as the larger mass behind each individual pellet is better able to penetrate the contaminant and create the shockwave necessary to disbond it.